getnetent -- get network entry

        cc ... -lsocket

#include <netdb.h>

struct netent * getnetent();

struct netent * getnetbyname(char name);

struct netent * getnetbyaddr(unsigned long net, int type);

void setnetent(int stayopen);

void endnetent();

DESCRIPTION The getnetent(), getnetbyname(), and getnetbyaddr() subroutines each re- turn a pointer to an object with the following structure containing the broken-out fields of a line in the networks database.

struct netent { char *n_name; /* official name of net */ char **n_aliases; /* alias list */ int n_addrtype; /* net number type */ long n_net; /* net number */ };

The members of this structure are:

n_name The official name of the network.

n_aliases A zero-terminated list of alternate names for the network.

n_addrtype The type of the network number returned: AF_INET.

n_net The network number. Network numbers are returned in machine byte order.

If the stayopen flag on a setnetent() subroutine is NULL, the networks database is opened. Otherwise, the setnetent() has the effect of rewind- ing the networks database. The endnetent() subroutine may be called to close the networks database when processing is complete.

The getnetent() subroutine simply reads the next line while getnetbyname() and getnetbyaddr() search until a matching name or net number is found (or until EOF is encountered). The type must be AF_INET. The getnetent() subroutine keeps a pointer in the database, allowing suc- cessive calls to be used to search the entire file.

Before a while loop using getnetent(), a call to setnetent() must be made in order to perform initialization; a call to endnetent() must be used after the loop. Both getnetbyname() and getnetbyaddr() make calls to setnetent() and endnetent().

FILES /etc/networks

DIAGNOSTICS Null pointer (0) returned on EOF or error.

SEE ALSO networks(SFF), RFC 1101.

HISTORY The getnetent(), getnetbyaddr(), getnetbyname(), setnetent(), and endnetent() functions appeared in 4.2BSD.

BUGS The data space used by these functions is static; if future use requires the data, it should be copied before any subsequent calls to these func- tions overwrite it. Only Internet network numbers are currently under- stood. Expecting network numbers to fit in no more than 32 bits is prob- ably naive.

4th Berkeley Distribution May 20, 1996

© 2003 Caldera International, Inc. All rights reserved.
SCO OpenServer Release 5.0.7 -- 11 February 2003